How to Pass a Basketball: Improve Your Passes with these Techniques
Basketball is a team sport. It is played between two teams who continuously try to put the ball into the opponent's basket.
The question here is why it is essential for the players to play in a team? Just one of the players or the best player, in this case, can single-handedly score all the baskets. The answer is quite simple. Every member of the opponent team will mark him and will not even let him get close to the ball.
So, a group of people needs proper coordination and communication between them to win a basketball game.
Passing the ball correctly and effectively is considered to be an essential part of this proper communication skill.
Why is Passing Important?
Since basketball is a team sport, it is quite safe to say that the basic idea of passing the ball around is to make the most out of the skills of the whole team. Although, that is not the whole idea of passing.
It’s the Beginning of The Game
Once the game begins, players from both teams try to get their hands on the ball. When someone gets their hands on the ball, it is quite hard for him to keep the ball or carry it to the basket with, all the attention focused on him.
So in this situation, he can rely on his teammates to carry out the job. If an individual gets flocked, his teammates can quickly draw the attention away from him by merely receiving the ball and carrying it to the basket.
Apart from the idea of getting blocked by the opponents or not scoring, another vital concept of passing is to keep control of the ball.
Meaning of Keeping Control
Keeping control means, keeping the ball in possession of the team and that increases the chance of scoring more baskets and also does not let the opponent score.
They pass the ball around as much as possible so that they have maximum control over the ball. This not only increases their chances of scoring but also keeps the opponents on edge. This also decreases the chance of getting scored at by the opposing team.
Essential of a Good Team
Passing is essential for building a good team as well. Every player on the team might have the same goal, but they most certainly cannot focus on the same thing.
While some of them are on defense protecting their basket from the opponents, others are trying to score baskets for the team.
A good passing strategy can help the whole team focus on their task or secure their assigned position properly as well as get the entire team to build up attacks unitedly. One wrong or inaccurate pass can cost a team their precious victory.
Receiving and Passing the Ball
If your teammate can receive the pass properly, only then it becomes a valid pass. Therefore, the players must always be prepared to receive the ball.
The players need to understand both when and where to throw or pass the ball. To properly receive the ball, they need to keep their positions as open as possible and keep an eye on the target.
1. To Catch The Ball
A player needs to keep his hands extended at the chest level with the fingers pointed upwards and spread comfortably; the thumbs should be almost touching each other. This position helps a player to immediately get a good grip on the ball.
Apart from calling for a pass, the passer and the receiver have a way of communication through gestures between themselves. The raised and open hands of the receiver is a good example of such a gesture to the passer which signals that the receiver is up for taking the pass.
Every pass will not go according to plan. A receiver must always be ready to move and get hold of the ball in case the pass gets deflected, or the release was just poor altogether.
2. Keep Your Eyes On The Ball
Another essential thing to keep in mind is to keep your eyes on the basketball until the receiver gets his hand on the ball from the passer. Being absent for even a split second can be the cause for a deflected pass.
To ensure successful and accurate passing, the receiver should move around looking for the best position to receive when the pass is being made. This prevents the opponents from intercepting the pass in any way and stealing the ball as well.
After the ball touches the receiver’s fingers, he should bend his elbows a little and hold the ball in towards their chest. This balances the impact of the pass while giving the receiver control over the ball, as a bonus.
Now, after holding the ball at chest level, the receiver is ready to pass or shoot quickly.
Proper passing sets up winning shots, and efficient passing is the fastest and best way to build up attacks which will result in a higher score. Imagine yourself being blocked by a point guard squatted over in a great defensive position.
What you should now observe isn't only this player rather look for five possible openings for passing. These five paths are:
If you are very much watched by your opponent, you won't have the capacity to pass the ball quickly where you need to. In such an instance, dupe the player with the ball. Fake with your body; or, fake with your body and the ball. When the defender goes for the fake, go through one of the five paths.
Standards of Passing the Basketball
Passing the ball is a skill that requires bunches of training. The coach should guarantee that the players practice proper passing methods/mechanisms consistently.
Teach your players to pass using the tip of the fingers at the time of release. It is important to keep in mind that the palms are not in contact.
This is an extremely basic yet simple thing and should be kept as a reminder. Coaches need to put it into the players’ heads until it comes to them naturally.
The Two-Handed Chest Pass or the Chest Pass
This is the most popular pass players toss in a game when there is no defender in the path of passing.
To execute this pass, begin with the ball held in two hands chest-high and closer to the body. Elbows ought to be tucked in and fingers spread around the ball with the thumbs up.
As they hold the ball, wrists ought to be pointed upward. Holding them descending will constrain them and so, point them up before the pass.
When they are going to make the pass, move in toward their pass. Moving like this gives the body the balance it requires to receive it comfortably and also decrease the chance of interception. Try not to overextend the movement, since this will, in general, affect your stability.
As their arms extend to their full length, turn elbows and wrists outward with the goal that the hands end up in a thumbs-descending, palms-out position. Release the ball using the force of a snap of your wrist.
Turn the ball with the forefingers, thumbs, and center fingers as it goes away from the hands. This turning of the ball makes it move forward in a straight line. These sorts of passes are less difficult to receive.
The Two-Handed Overhead Pass
The overhead pass, generally used for maneuvering the ball around the zone defense, sort of like a skip pass, to reach for a teammate inside the zones.
If you want to make this overhead pass, you will need to hold the ball high above your head and marginally behind the focal point of the head.
Try not to take the ball behind the head. This ruins your time and fluid movement. Fingers ought to be spread immovably all over the ball; your thumbs should be a few inches away at the base of it.
This pass generates its capacity from the movement of the fingers and wrists. When the passer strides toward the receiver, he needs to flick the wrists and pivot both his palms and arms forward. The fingers should be pointed upwards.
The Two-Handed Bounce Pass
The essential mechanics of this pass are equivalent to the ones we learned about in the chest pass; be that as it may, the usefulness of these passes is a lot.
A ricochet pass is pretty much a decent one to put to use on an indirect access play. It additionally is the go-to way when passing with a partner, watched from the back of the low post, or maybe in different circumstances when an opponent is between the passer and the collector.
Beginning with the same position from the two, give chest pass, makes a stable stride towards the recipient.
Rapidly broaden the palms and arms forward. Reverse-pivot is how the ball spins as it goes from thumbs up to an inch down discharge position. This reverse-pivot lets the ball become less demanding to get.
The ball should hit the floor at something like seventy-five percent away from your team member. It should rise to him/her at the thighs and midsection.
The Sideways Pass
With the opponent remaining before the passer, the passer strides over his/her body with a foot in the opposite direction of the ball. This secures the ball. Move the ball by your side and broaden both arms.
Rapidly weaken the wrist of your correct hand, put down the other hand, and pass the ball to the collector.
A different version of this pass is the parallel skip pass done with one of the two hands or both. On the off chance that this pass is utilized, the ball must ricochet to a spot, no less than, seventy-five percent of the distance to the recipient.
The Push Pass
The push pass is a brisk pass made with one hand. The pass starts close to the ear and depends on the elbow being bowed for its capacity. It can either be a straight or a heave pass. This relies on the arrangement in the side.
The Hook Pass
When firmly monitored, keep the ball at shoulder level, elbows extended outward to ensure the balance of the ball. Begin lifting the ball together with two hands, making the wrist of your right-hand flip.
Bring the other arm above your head along with the ball. When your arm is extended totally, throw the ball by flicking your wrist outward.
The Behind-The-Back Pass
This pass is mainly used to be known as a "hotshot" pass. Nonetheless, it currently has turned into an ordinary hostile weapon. It should not be misused.
You must hold the ball using both hands to make this pass. When the ball is brought back around the hip, the other hand is dropped off. The passing hand then is in favor of the ball; you should push the ball behind your back.
This movement closes with the passing hand near the other hip; your fingers should now be pointed towards the pass.
The Off-The-Dribble Pass
To successfully pull off this pass, move the dribbling hand to the top of the ball on the last dribble. Match the movement of the arm and hand, and drive the ball forward using a flick of the wrist in the direction of your partner. This sort of pass is snappy and tricky.
Passing Drills, such as shooting, requires steady practice. If you routinely take a shot at the basics of passing, your group's passing mechanisms will progress.
It's just through group practice workouts and entertainment, with mentors watching. The players will truly realize when they should pass and how to understand the signs ignore or dribble through the opponent.
Such circumstances will create and hone passing aptitudes the most, transforming passing techniques into significant on-court abilities.
The Hand-Off Pass
This is a pass which does not need augmentation of the arm. It is utilized to pass the ball to a partner who is either hovering or cutting behind the passer.
You should put one arm up, and the ball balanced on the palm of the other hand. Essentially flip or hurl it towards the collector.
Another variety of this pass is to rotate the body to face your teammate, or there will be consequences, make a total turn, confront the collector and pass him/her the ball.
There are tons of passing drills available, but the one that helps the younger players the most is the “Weave” drill. It helps with catching, passing, coordination, accuracy. Plus, it is a lot of fun for the players.
How to Improve Passing Skills
When it comes to playing basketball if the team members do not have practical skills they will most likely suffer in terms of winning a game.
Effective passing is one of the most important yet easiest skills that need to be mastered by the players to win a game.
Some coaches might overlook the importance of proper passing, but to achieve victory, effective passing is the key.
If the team is lacking communication in terms of passing the players will quickly get frustrated and lose interest in the game. This is something unseen that is not always noticeable.
If the players are noticed frustrated altogether or seem like demotivated it means that it is high time they focused on their passing skills. This will certainly make their game points go up while allowing them to engage in a proper offensive strategy.
Some important factors need to be taken into consideration to improve the players' passing techniques. It is not easy to achieve the skill of passing in terms of a team, and a coach should always be focused on developing the passing strategies of his team.
After some analyzing four important factors can be considered to improve the overall passing skill of a team and they are;
1. The Concentration of Every Player
A proper pass requires a proper delivery, and it is only effective when it reaches the right guy. Many players face a common frustration of not making the delivery properly to their teammates.
Passing does not mean randomly throwing the ball to the direction of your team member. You must be concentrated on the fact that when the ball leaves your hand, it reaches the right person. Only then a pass will be a successful pass.
If you cannot concentrate for a moment while the pass is being made, you might end up making the worst mistake which is handing the ball to your opponent. Practicing to concentrate on making a proper pass in training sessions develops the skill of passing.
2. A Good Pass Requires a Good Catch
Let's say, all the players are quite focused. They’re making a pass and are throwing the ball in the right way towards their teammate. What if the teammate cannot receive the pass?
It is very common that a player misses receiving a pass at a crucial moment which results in a turnover. This is not only frustrating for the receiver but also the whole team and the coach.
One of the key factors of missing out on a pass is that the player was not focused on catching it. Most often, players are more concerned about what to do once they receive the ball rather than thinking about receiving the ball properly.
The thought of whether to shoot the ball directly to the basket or to pass it to an open team member can be very distracting in the middle of a game. Players can even get nervous by these thoughts right before receiving the ball at a crucial moment and end up missing the pass.
If receiving becomes the problem, then it is wise to work on it and solve it instead of ignoring it. Informing the teammate by throwing your hands up in the air can be a proper communication method while passing.
Letting your teammate know makes it easier for them to pass; you can also be sure that the ball is coming to you. This will prepare you to catch the ball as well and reduce the chances of a miss.
Teammates should not pass if the target or the recipient is not ready to catch the ball. It is wise to be prepared to catch the ball using both of your hands once you realize the ball is coming towards you.
Mishaps tend to occur most when the player tries to receive the ball using one hand and even instantly starts to run towards the basket. This can be easily avoided if the player is ready to catch the ball using both hands.
Controlling your nervousness about passing or receiving can be achieved through thinking of one thing at a time. It is better not to think about what you should do after receiving the ball before actually receiving the ball. Focusing on catching the ball can be helpful to make the pass successful.
3. Being Aware of the Position is Important for an Effective Pass
When playing in the offense, the players need to be aware of whether they are in control of the ball or not.
A player needs to always be on the move while making sure that his teammate is also there to help. Some offensive strategies should also be followed so that the one who's carrying the ball does not get left alone.
Proper positioning makes it easier for the players to pass the ball around the court to the basket and increases chances of scoring.
4.Staying Alert at All Times
Running the offense with the back to the player who has the ball is not the best move. To receive a pass properly, you need to maintain eye contact with your teammate at all times.
If proper communication is not maintained, most likely your opponent will track your lacking and turnover will occur. A typical scenario is when a player wants to pass, but he is unable to do so because his teammate is not looking at him to receive the ball.
However, this problem can be avoided if the players keep their eye on the ball even if they cannot see the person dribbling it.
It is not surprising for a player to know how important the role of passing is in the game of a basketball. Passing abilities help the best teams to carry out the successful game while allowing them to execute their moves as well.
By just staying focused, making good catches, being aware of their position and staying alert an average team has more chances of scoring and leaving the court as winners.
Passing Off the Dribble
A good pass also depends on making the proper utilization of dribbling. Four techniques are considered as an adequate execution or utilization of dribbling. They are listed below.
1. Air Pass
An off the air dribble pass execution begins with dribbling the basketball with one hand and moving forward in the court. The next step is to pick the ball up with the dribbling hand and quickly pass it to the teammate in the same motion.
When to Use the Air Pass
The Air pass is ideal to utilize under the following circumstances;
2. Bounce Pass
An off the dribble bounce pass execution starts with dribbling with one hand while moving forward in the court.
Next, grab the ball steadily and pass it to a teammate in one motion. It is essential to make sure that the ball bounces once at the two third distance between you and your teammate.
When to Use the Bounce Pass
The bounce pass can be utilized under the following conditions:
3. Discuss Pass
To execute this pass straight from the dribble, you should begin with dribbling the ball through the court. When the ball gets off the ground, immediately move the ball back at the level of the waist with the hand you're using to dribble and flick it with the underarm in a sideways motion.
It is essential to ensure that the passing hand ends with a follow-through movement and takes a position right above your other shoulder.
When Should You Use the Discus Pass?
The discus pass can be utilized under the conditions stated below;
4. Hook Pass / Reverse Pivot
To execute a hook pass that is straight from the dribble, you have to rotate your arms around the ball and maneuver it around the defender in kind of a follow-through movement.
When Should You Use the Hook Pass?
This pass can be utilized correctly in the conditions mentioned below;
Passing Techniques Using Only One Hand
This section focuses on the essentials of one-handed passing mechanics used in a basketball game.
1. Standard Bounce Pass
To toss a Standard Bounce Pass, start by getting near the ground. Next, throw the pass using only one hand which will enable the basketball to bounce to up to two-thirds the distance between you and your partner. It is vital to ensure a follow through and remember to point fingers towards the pass.
When Should You Use the Standard Bounce Pass
Make use of the Standard Bounce Pass if the conditions stated below ever come up;
2. Hook Bounce Pass
For a Hook Bounce Pass, initiate by bringing the passing arm around and forward while slightly bending the elbow. Hook the outstretched arm on top of the ball and flick it in a way to bypass the nearest opponent.
When Should You Use the Hook Bounce Pass?
The Hook Bounce Pass is recommended under the conditions below;
3. Drop Bounce Pass
To toss a Drop Bounce Pass, start with the back side faced to the defender. This position is ideal for dropping a pass while being beside the defender.
When Should You Use the Drop Bounce Pass?
Utilization of the Drop Bounce Pass is recommended when;
4. Air Flick Pass
To make an Air Flick Pass, start by twisting your wrist downward just as you go to shoot the ball, and toss the ball by thrusting it with the wrist. Be sure to make it a point to utilize a ‘finish with the wrist’ movement that focuses on your pass.
When Should You Use the Air Flick Pass?
Use the Air Flick Pass if the following situations arise in the game;
5. Sky Hook Pass
To complete a Sky Hook Pass, you have to start by jumping into the air with one of your legs while getting the ball up in the air, follow through with the wrist as if aiming to shoot at the basket.
When Should You Use the Sky-Hook Pass?
Utilization of the Sky Hook Pass is recommended under the conditions stated below;
6. Lob Pass
To toss a Lob Pass, engage by starting the pass over the top of your head, then follow through with the hand. It is significant for supporting the ball as if a shot is being taken at the basket.
When to Use the Lob Pass?
Utilization of the Lob Pass is recommended under these conditions:
7. Wrap Around Pass
To toss a Wrap Around Pass, the trick is to pivot the ball under and around the defender’s arms.
When Should You Use the Wrap Around Pass?
Utilization of the Wrap Around Pass is recommended under the conditions given below:
8. Down Up Wrist Flick Pass
To toss a Down Up Wrist Flick move, start by making a bounce pass right past your opponent, in a low position. Next, take the ball high up in the air immediately past your defender's ear. One thing that needs to be kept in mind is that this pass can be reversed by faking a bounce pass thrown low.
When Should You Use the Down Up Wrist Flick Pass?
Utilization of the Down Up Wrist Flick Pass is recommended when the following situations arise;
9. Baseball Pass
To toss a Baseball Pass, start by getting the ball high up in the air using one hand, lean your elbow forward. Toss the pass while making a follow-through using your arm extended forward with the palm, face to the ground.
When Should You Use the Baseball Pass?
Utilization of the Baseball Pass is recommended in these conditions;
10. Bowling Pass
To toss a Bowling Pass, start with an underarm position for the basketball. Toss the ball towards your partner in a follow-through motion with topspin. It is important to ensure that it points towards the following direction after throwing the ball.
When Should You Use the Bowling Pass?
Utilization of the Bowling Pass is recommended;
11. Dribble Pitch Pass
To toss a Dribble Pitch Pass, start by doing one dribble and then move your hand immediately while the ball is in front of your elbow and throw the pass to your teammate.
When Should You Make Use of the Dribble Pitch Pass?
The Dribble Pitch Pass is used:
12. Around the Back Pass
To toss an Around the Back Pass, start by aligning the shoulders towards the pass, then wrap the ball around the back to your Teammate.
When Should You Use the Around the Back Pass?
Utilization of the Around the Back Pass is recommended under the following conditions;
Passing Techniques Which Involve Both Hands
This part of the discussion is all about the mechanics of two-handed passing techniques that can be utilized in this game.
1. Overhead Pass
To toss an Overhead Pass, start by holding the ball up over your head. Then from that position toss the ball immediately using your hands to pass the ball to a fellow mate. It is important to keep your palms behind the basketball while countering your opponent.
When Should You Use the Overhead Pass?
2. Chest Pass
To toss a Chest Pass, start by positioning both of your hands at the sides of the ball while all the fingers are widely spread keeping the ball leveled with your chest. Then ensure that your fingers are pointed towards where the ball is going and follow-through with the pass.
Your thumbs need to be pointed outward during this time, and the ball must hit your teammate's chest instead of hitting the ground.
When Should You Use the Chest Pass?
3. Dribble Pitch Pass
To toss a Dribble Pitch Pass, first, pick up the ball using both hands; make sure that the palms are spread out on the surface of the ball evenly. Then move forward and let the pass go, make sure to release the ball along with your last step off the ground.
The pass needs to be released with the last step taken upward. This allows the pass a bit of an extra boost. The Dribble Pitch Pass is basically similar to the Chest Pass.
Although the Two-handed Chest Pass is usually tossed from an upright position, the Dribble Pitch Pass is tossed on the last upward step.
When Should You Use the Dribble Pitch Pass?
4. Bounce Pass
To toss a Bounce Pass, start by positioning both of your hands at the sides of the basketball while all the fingers are spread properly. Keep the ball leveled on your chest zone.
Then, ensure that all your fingers are pointed towards where the ball is moving and follow-through with the pass. Your thumbs need to be pointing outward during this time, and you must bounce the ball once between the two-thirds of the space between your teammate and you.
When Should You Use the Bounce Pass?
5. Across the Face Skip Pass
To toss an Across the Face Skip Pass, start with moving forward with your dribble. On your last step hop into the air and toss an Overhead Pass at the moment of your bounce.
The ball must leave your hands as your feet leave the ground. Try to finish your hands pointing towards your objective. Remember that the ball and your arms must cross your face as you toss this to a team member.
When to Use the Across Face Skip Pass
Utilization of the Across the Face Skip Pass is recommended under the following conditions;
6. Against the Grain Pass
To toss an Against the Grain Pass, step off your dribble while jumping and circulating in the air. While rotating in space, toss an Above the Head Pass opposite to the direction of the rotation or the counter direction of the push and pass to a partner who is open.
When Should You Use the Against the Grain Pass?
Passing is a vital and beneficial part of the basketball game. It naturally promotes communication, movement, and teamwork. These are key components for the formation of a successful team dynamic on the basketball court.
Also, passing is used to create opportunities to score for your teammates, to move the ball up the court efficiently and quickly and to open holes in defensive formations.
By using these effective strategies at the precise and specific moments discussed above, you will not only grow with your team but also generate selfless qualities that will lead your team to even greater achievements.
The Craft of the One Hand Pass
"Going with one hand isn't central."
Those who state this call themselves basketball idealists. Huge numbers of them guarantee that basketball was getting it done 20 or 30 years back and the essentials of the sport have since a long time ago disappeared.
Even though I can't contend with every last bit of it, we must be mindful so as not to restrict ourselves and our reasoning.
John Wooden offers incredible advice. He says, "It's what you learn after you know it such tallies." Wooden, as extraordinary as he might have been, constantly stayed open and assertive when it went to the sport of basketball. Therefore, with regards to the craft of passing, we should do likewise.
Make Practice Harder
The primary guideline of training is this: make practice hard so that the game seems easy and not like an ordeal. Players should work on going with one hand, similarly as players should work on dribbling two balls.
On the off chance that a player can dribble two basketballs with high vitality and with extraordinary execution, at that point dribbling one basketball will be simple.
Not exclusively will their abilities be better; however, they will have more certainty because of their prior preparation. The equivalent is valid for passing.
If a player can go off the dribble with one hand with precision by and by, at that point they will be able to pass precisely with two in diversions. What's more, their quality as a passer will be through the roof.
Ability to Use Both Hands
Not many players are brought into the world with the ability to use the two hands with equal dexterity. But all can end up being able to use both hands to some extent. The more a player prepares the two hands equally, the better his entire game will get.
Rehearsing one-hand passes won't just improve you as a passer, it will make your weaker hand better at dribbling with control, and you will end up being a far superior player, in addition to other things, since you will be better with the two hands.
You should work on going with one hand, so you will be able to do as such in a game. Once in a while, it will be important to make a behind-the-back pass or an innovative shot at the basket.
The sport of basketball is comprised of inches and seconds. Once in a while, the window of chance will be shut if a player needs to set aside the opportunity to go with the two hands.
Unadulterated and straightforward, it makes passing much faster if a player can go with one. Players who can't do as such will have issues with their overall gameplay.
It is beyond doubt that realizing how to successfully deal with the ball or handle it will help improve and enhance your productivity and adequacy on the basketball court.
As simple as it might seem, the art of ball handling and passing is a very intricate art form and nurturing this is what sets the best players in the game apart from the average players.
In any case, what is seldom considered is realizing how to pass the ball correctly will significantly affect your efforts as a basketball player.